The official journal of
EUROPAD - European Opiate Addiction Treatment Association
WFTOD - World Federation for the Treatment of Opioid Dependence
Editor: Icro Maremmani, MD - Pisa, Italy, EU
Associate Editors:
Thomas Clausen, MD - Oslo, Norway
Pier Paolo Pani, MD - Cagliari, Italy, EU
Marta Torrens, MD - Barcelona, Spain, EU
Statistical Editor:
Mario Miccoli, PhD - Pisa, Italy, EU

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Heroin Addiction and Related Clinical Problems: 2021, 23, N3 (pages: 55 - 60)

Covid-19 and addiction: A comparison between Substance Use Disorder patients and gamblers

Incerti C.C., Carenti M.L., Catalano G., De Luca O., Arcangeli N., Manasse D., and Casella P.

Summary: Background : The lockdown Covid-19 pandemic determined lots of clinical and socio-economics consequences. The present study aims to investigating how the lockdown period may have influenced the treatment of patients with a diagnosis of dependence disorder(s). Methods: The study was conducted by collecting social and clinical data referring to patients treated in a Unit of the Addiction Service (SerD), within the Local Health Authority of Rome (ASL Rome 1). The sample consisted of 81 outpatients, divided into 38 patients affected by a Gambling Disorders (GD) and 43 patients suffering from a Substance Use Disorder (SUD), according to criteria set out in the Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder (DSM-5). Differences between these groups were calculated using the Chi-squared and Mann–Whitney U tests. The cut-off point for statistical significance was set at p <0.05. Results: The results revealed a significant difference (p <0.05) between SUD and GD patients, with respect to the following variables: age, educational level, frequency of treatment, dual disorder clinical picture and post-lockdown abstinence. Moreover, the post-lockdown abstinence proved to be significantly correlated with the following variables: age, occupational condition, and abstinence during the lockdown. Conclusions: The study highlighted the fact that patients affected by SUD had greater difficulties in maintaining abstinence than those who suffered from a GD. In particular, from our sample it may be hypothesized that the maturative/cognitive tools linked to older age, employment status and a state of abstinence recorded during the lockdown period function as protective factors with respect to possible relapses.


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