The official journal of
EUROPAD - European Opiate Addiction Treatment Association
WFTOD - World Federation for the Treatment of Opioid Dependence
Editor: Icro Maremmani, MD - Pisa, Italy, EU
Associate Editors:
Thomas Clausen, MD - Oslo, Norway
Pier Paolo Pani, MD - Cagliari, Italy, EU
Marta Torrens, MD - Barcelona, Spain, EU
Statistical Editor:
Mario Miccoli, PhD - Pisa, Italy, EU

HARCP Archives

Browse by volume Browse by article Published Ahead
of Print

Heroin Addiction and Related Clinical Problems: 2021, 23, N1 (pages: 19 - 23)

Subjective Opiate Withdrawal Scale and Toxicological Screening in Malaysian Opioid Drug Addicts

Wiraagni I.A., Mohd M.A., Rashid R.b.A., and Haron D.E.b.M.

Summary: Background: The use of opioids is a major problem worldwide. There is a compelling need for the process of evaluation, screening, and therapy to be carried out continuously. Aim: The aim of this study has been to find baseline characteristics, together with the results of toxicological screening and the Subjective Opiate Withdrawal Scale (SOWS) as applied to Malaysian opioid drug addicts. Materials and Methods: This has been a descriptive cross-sectional study, involving the interviewing of 85 respondents from methadone clinics in Malaysia, about the characteristics of drug users, recruited by using a convenient sampling method. Results: In this study, the highest percentage of drug abusers was found within the 41-50 year age group. There were more male subjects than female ones. Within the study sample 74.6% were employed. There were positive results for opiates, amphetamine, methamphetamine, benzodiazepine, and THC. Conclusions: Illicit drug use was found in methadone therapy patients. In this study the SOWS questionnaire showed that drug abusers had low scores.


AU-CNS Associazione per lā€™Utilizzo delle Conoscenze Neuroscientifiche a fini Sociali
Association for the Application of Neuroscientific Knowledge to Social Aims
Via XX Settembre, 83 ā€“ 55045 PIETRASANTA (Lucca) - Italy
P. IVA 01681650469 ā€“ Codice Fiscale 94002580465 Reserved Area
Tel/Phone: 0584 - 790073 - Email: info@heroinaddictionrelatedclinicalproblems.org
Start of page