The official journal of
EUROPAD - European Opiate Addiction Treatment Association
WFTOD - World Federation for the Treatment of Opioid Dependence
Editor: Icro Maremmani, MD - Pisa, Italy, EU
Associate Editors:
Thomas Clausen, MD - Oslo, Norway
Pier Paolo Pani, MD - Cagliari, Italy, EU
Marta Torrens, MD - Barcelona, Spain, EU
Statistical Editor:
Mario Miccoli, PhD - Pisa, Italy, EU

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Heroin Addiction and Related Clinical Problems: 2021, 23, N1 (pages: 25 - 31)

Self Efficacy and Quality of Life of Participants Undergoing Treatment for Drug Addiction in Pakistan

Ishrat S., Naz S., Gul I., and Sireer N.

Summary: Background: Combatting drug addiction has been one of the most challenging issues worldwide and, more specifically, in Pakistan. In this regard it is crucial to identify psychosocial factors that may enhance the effectiveness of treatment protocols. The present study has investigated the role of self-efficacy and social support in improving the Quality of Life of patients undergoing treatment for drug addiction. Methods: The study protocols consisted of demographic data, together with versions of the Drug Avoidance Self-efficacy scale, the WHO QOL BREF scales and a social support questionnaire, all of which had been translated into Urdu. The present study has used a cross-sectional design. The study sample comprised 300 participants selected from rehabilitation centres located in Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Lahore, Wah and Attock. After approval from the Ethics Committee of the University, the participants who met the inclusion criteria were asked to comply with the protocols of the present study. Results: The analysis indicated that quality of life had a significantly positive relationship with self-efficacy (r=.357**, p<.01) and social support (r=.43**, p<.01). The results further revealed that self-efficacy, social support and demographic variables such as age, socioeconomic status and family system were significant indicators of quality of life [F(8.128)= 7.352 ,p<.01, R2 =.351]. Conclusions: The present study has important implications for drug rehabilitation programmes. Interventions designed to enhance Self-efficacy and provide social support to individuals undergoing treatment can play a vital role not only in improving their Quality of Life but also in preventing relapse in individuals recovering from drug addiction.


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